Apple Phytochemicals and their Health Benefits

Sourced: Jeanelle Boyer and Rui Hai Liu
Department of Food Science and Institute of Comparative and Environmental Toxicology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-7201 USA
Nutrition Journal 2004, 3:5 doi:10.1186/1475-2891-3-5Published 12 May 2004

© 2004 Boyer and Liu; licensee BioMed Ltd. This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying and redistribution of this article are permitted in all media for any purpose, provided this notice is preserved along with the article’s original URL.


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    Question #1
    Some of the apple's protective effect against cardiovascular disease may come from its potential -

    A: cholesterol-increasing abilityB: cholesterol-stabilizing abilityC: cholesterol-lowering abilityD: none of the above

    Question #2
    Which of the apple varieties tested presented the highest flavonoid content?

    A: Red deliciousB: EmpireC: GalaD: Fuji

    Question #3
    A major role of the phytochemicals is protection against -

    A: osteoporosisB: scurvyC: oxidationD: hepatitis

    Question #4
    Because the apple peels contain more antioxidant compounds, especially quercetin, apple peels may have higher antioxidant activity and higher bioactivity than the apple flesh. Tue or False?

    A: TrueB: False

    Question #5
    Rats fed apple juice also had a __________ level of malondialdehyde (MDA). Which word should be inserted into the space in the preceding sentence to make it correct?

    A: decreasedB: increasedC: stableD: unchanged

    Question #6
    They found that people who ate the highest amount of fruits and vegetables had a __________ lower risk for coronary heart disease, and the lowest risks were seen in people who consumed more green leafy vegetables, and fruits rich in vitamin C.

    A: 20%B: 15%C: 10%D: 5%

    Question #7
    Which of the apple varieties tested presented the highest phenolic content?

    A: FortuneB: FugiC: IdaredD: Liberty

    Question #8
    In one study Apples had a greater cholesterol lowering affect than two other fruits test. Which were those fruits?

    A: Banana & PearsB: Pears & PeachesC: Peaches & PrunesD: Peaches & Plums

    Question #9
    Several studies have specifically linked apple consumption with a reduced risk for cancer, especially.

    A: Intestinal cancerB: Liver cancerC: Bone cancerD: Lung cancer

    Question #10
    In the chart for 'Total Antioxidant Activity' what position did apples feature?

    A: FirstB: FifthC: SecondD: Last

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